Arthrospira platensis Mutagenesis for Protein and C-Phycocyanin Improvement and Proteomics Approaches

Arthrospira platensis Mutagenesis for Protein and C-Phycocyanin Improvement and Proteomics Approaches
ผลงานวิจัย ดร.วนิดา ปานอุทัย และคณะ
Keywords Arthrospira; C-phycocyanin; mutagenesis; protein; proteomics
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บทสรุป : งานวิจัยนี้เกี่ยวข้องกับการศึกษาการกลายพันธ์แบบสุ่มของสาหร่ายสไปรูลิน่าเพื่อเพิ่มประสิทธิภาพการสะสมโปรตีนและซี-ไฟโคไซยานินภายในเซลล์ และการศึกษาโปรตีนด้วยเทคนิคทางโปรตีโอมิกส์

Abstract : Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis is known for its use as a food supplement, with reported therapeutic properties including antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. Arthrospira is also an excellent source of proteins and C-phycocyanin. The latter is a light-harvesting pigment-protein complex in cyanobacteria, located on the outer surface of the thylakoid membrane and comprising 40 to 60% of the total soluble protein in cells. Random mutagenesis is a useful tool as a non-genetically modified mutation method that has been widely used to generate mutants of different microorganisms. Exposure of microalgae or cyanobacteria to chemical stimuli affects their growth and many biological processes. Chemicals influence several proteins, including those involved in carbohydrate and energy metabolisms, photosynthesis and stress-related proteins (oxidative stress-reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging enzymes). Signal transduction pathways and ion transportation mechanisms are also impacted by chemical treatment, with changes causing the production of numerous biomolecules and stimulation of defence responses. This study compared the protein contents of A. platensis control and after mutagenesis using diethyl sulphate (DES) under various treatment concentrations for effective mutation of A. platensis. Results identified 1152 peptides using proteomics approaches. The proteins were classified into 23 functional categories. Random mutagenesis of A. platensis by DES was found to be highly effective for C-phycocyanin and protein production.


Life 2022, 12(6), 911